About 230 fish species are recorded in the Baltic Sea (HELCOM 2012a). Marine species are the most common in the southwestern Baltic Sea and in open sea areas.
Does the Baltic Sea have fish?
Cod, herring and sprat are the major marine fish species of high commercial value in the Baltic Sea. Also flatfish species like flounder and plaice are utilized especially in the southern part of the Baltic Sea. About 90% of the total fish catch consists of herring, sprat, cod and flounder.
What fish can you catch in the Baltic Sea?
Pike, Sea Trout, and Perch, as well as Salmon and Fluke, can all be caught in the waters off the coast of any country with access to the Baltic Sea. What’s more, fishing from the islands like Saaremaa and Gotland is a special experience.
How many species are in the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea is home to about 2,700 macroscopic species and innumerable smaller microscopic species (Figure 5.0. 1). Around 1,600 macroscopic species are found in the Kattegat, which is the most marine sub-basin of the Baltic Sea.
Is there salmon in Baltic Sea?
There are wild salmon rivers in all sub-basins of the Baltic.
Who is polluting the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea is almost totally surrounded by land and therefore more endangered by pollution than other marine areas. The sources of marine pollution are municipal and industrial waste inputs directly into the sea or via rivers, and atmospheric inputs mainly from traffic and agriculture.
Is the Baltic Sea dangerous?
300,000 tons of munition are rotting away in the Baltic Sea, damaging fish and marine life and endangering people. Experts have investigated how dangerous the contaminated sites are and what should be done with them.
Is the Baltic Sea good for fishing?
For many fishes, the slightly salty water conditions result in an increased growth rate and many record-sized fish being caught in the sea basin during the years, perhaps most notably large specimen of sea trout, salmon and pike. …
What is the most popular fish in the world?
The latest report by the UN shows that tuna is the world’s most consumed and the second most wild caught fish in the world.
Are there sharks in the Baltic Sea?
Contrary to popular belief, there are sharks in the Baltic Sea. In fact, 31 species of sharks and closely related skates, rays and chimaeras (collectively known as cartilaginous fishes) have been recorded in this area.
Who owns the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the North and Central European Plain. The sea stretches from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 10°E to 30°E longitude.
Can you swim in the Baltic Sea?
Sure you can. The water temperature in the Baltic Sea ranges from approximately 20 °C (68 °F) in the summer to 0 °C (32 °F) in the winter. Everybody can swim in 20 degree water. Many people swim in the sea even in the winter by making a hole in the ice covering the surface.
Can you drink from the Baltic Sea?
Is drinking water from the Baltic sea a bad idea? Yes it is salty, even though is much less salty than that “typical” ocean water (which salinity averages 3.5%). Near lagoons, the salinity can be 0.5% to 0.8% (theoretically possible to drink in case of dehydration), but in opens sea it is around 1.2 % to 1.6%.
Do pike live in the Baltic Sea?
Baltic Sea populations of the northern pike (Esox lucius) have declined since the 1990s, and they face additional challenges due to ongoing climate change. Pike in the Baltic Sea spawn either in coastal bays or in freshwater streams and wetlands.
Why is Baltic Sea polluted?
Baltic waters are heavily contaminated with chemicals due to farming activities in the surrounding countries, as well as with oil products from spills. Thousands of tons of unused German chemical weapons have also been dumped in the sea after the Second World War.
Is the Baltic sea salty?
The Baltic Sea is a large and almost entirely enclosed marine region, located far up in the cold north. It is a brackish sea with both salt and fresh water. The only connection with the ocean is through the Danish straits to the North Sea.