Fishing is allowed in about 70 per cent of the marine park area, while the remainder is covered by protected zones. … Illegal fishing on the Great Barrier Reef comes in many forms, but the most common was line-fishing, wither with rod and reel, or handline.
What activities are banned in the Great Barrier Reef?
Oil drilling, mining and exploration have been prohibited in the Great Barrier Reef Region since proclamation of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act in 1975. Importantly, use of the Great Barrier Reef Region goes well beyond commercial activities.
How much of the Great Barrier Reef is protected from fishing?
On 1 July 2004 the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park became the largest protected sea area in the world when the Australian Government increased the areas protected from extractive activities (such as fishing) from 4.6% to 33.3% of the park.
Why is fishing bad for the Great Barrier Reef?
Overfishing can deplete key reef species and damage coral habitat. … Rapid human population growth, increased demand, use of more efficient fishery technologies, and inadequate management and enforcement have led to the depletion of key reef species and habitat damage in many locations.
Is commercial fishing allowed on the Great Barrier Reef?
With 750 active fishing licences operating in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA), the commercial fishing industry provides essential seafood to local and other markets, and a value of production of $122.9 million in 2011/12 (Deloitte Access Economics, 2013).
What causes damage to the Great Barrier Reef?
Increasing sediment, nutrients and contaminants, combined with rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification are damaging the Reef.
Is the Great Barrier Reef dying?
Australia’s Great Barrier Reef has lost more than half of its corals since 1995 due to warmer seas driven by climate change, a study has found. Scientists found all types of corals had suffered a decline across the world’s largest reef system. The steepest falls came after mass bleaching events in 2016 and 2017.
How many fish live in the Great Barrier Reef?
The Great Barrier Reef is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 types of hard coral, one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals, including the vulnerable dugong.
How many football fields can fit in the Great Barrier Reef?
The Great Barrier Reef is larger than the entire country of Italy put together. Astronauts can see the Great Barrier Reef from the moon. The Great Barrier Reef is the size of about 70 million football fields!
How much money does the Great Barrier Reef make a year?
The Great Barrier Reef is an economic powerhouse, contributing more than $6.4 billion each year to the Australian economy and around 64,000 full-time jobs.
Is the Great Barrier Reef polluted?
The Reef is highly vulnerable. In the past three decades, it has lost half its coral cover, pollution has caused deadly starfish outbreaks, and global warming has produced horrific coral bleaching. Coastal development also looms as a major threat.
What sharks are in the Great Barrier Reef?
The most common sharks found on the Great Barrier Reef are white tip and black tip reef sharks.
- Leopard shark.
- White tip reef shark.
- Reef Shark & Snorkeler.
How much is the Great Barrier Reef dead?
According to a 2012 study by the National Academy of Science, since 1985, the Great Barrier Reef has lost more than half of its corals with two-thirds of the loss occurring from 1998 due to the factors listed before.
Why do people fish at the Great Barrier Reef?
Fishing is a long-established and important activity in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. … Fishing is a major use of the Marine Park that provides important social, economic and cultural benefits. Fishers rely on a healthy and resilient marine ecosystem to support their activities.
Is tourism good or bad for the Great Barrier Reef?
Tourism is one of the major industries in the Great Barrier Reef region. … The GBRMPA states that careful management, which includes permits for camping and all commercial marine tourism within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, has so far ensured that tourists have a very minimal impact on the reef.
How old is the Great Barrier Reef?
Although coral reefs have been around for over 500 million years, the Great Barrier Reef is relatively young at 500,000 years, and this most modern form is only 8,000 years old, having developed after the last ice age.